Huron Shores Heritage Route
 

Home>Plan Your Trip>Basswood or Linden

Basswood or Linden

Tilia americana
basswood_figure_1.jpg
Fig. 2. Basswood leaf looking up from the ground.
Fig. 2. Basswood leaf looking up from the ground.
Fig. 3. Basswood leaf.
Fig. 3. Basswood leaf.
Fig. 4. Basswood leaves on twig showing alternate pattern and the  natural variation in shape of the more or less lopsided heart-shaped leaves.
Fig. 4. Basswood leaves on twig showing alternate pattern and the natural variation in shape of the more or less lopsided heart-shaped leaves.
Fig. 5. Basswood buds showing alternate pattern, lopsided end bud and  the reddish-orange color.
Fig. 5. Basswood buds showing alternate pattern, lopsided end bud and the reddish-orange color.
Fig. 6.  Basswood leaf emerging from end bud.  Note orangish color of the scales near the twig.
Fig. 6. Basswood leaf emerging from end bud. Note orangish color of the scales near the twig.
Fig. 7.  Underside of Basswood shoot showing young fruit as it develops from fertilized flowers hanging down on a flower stalk (peduncle) which is attached about half-way along a narrow, leaf-like bract.  The bracts are a lighter green than the leaves.
Fig. 7. Underside of Basswood shoot showing young fruit as it develops from fertilized flowers hanging down on a flower stalk (peduncle) which is attached about half-way along a narrow, leaf-like bract. The bracts are a lighter green than the leaves.
Fig. 8.  Close-ups of Basswood bracts with the flower stalk (peduncle),  and then fruit, attached about halfway along the narrow, leaf-like bracts.
Fig. 8. Close-ups of Basswood bracts with the flower stalk (peduncle), and then fruit, attached about halfway along the narrow, leaf-like bracts.
Fig. 9.  Basswood flowering / fruiting bracts in autumn.
Fig. 9. Basswood flowering / fruiting bracts in autumn.
Fig. 10.  Moderately young Basswood trunk showing smooth bark.
Fig. 10. Moderately young Basswood trunk showing smooth bark.
Fig. 11.  Mature Basswood trunk showing the long somewhat parallel and gently curving ridges.
Fig. 11. Mature Basswood trunk showing the long somewhat parallel and gently curving ridges.
Fig. 12. Looking up at Basswood canopy showing the umbrella-like effect.
Fig. 12. Looking up at Basswood canopy showing the umbrella-like effect.
•Twigs with alternate leaves / buds (Fig. 1)
 
 
 
•Leaves uneven heart-shaped (more or less) (Fig. 2, 3, 4)
 
 
 
•Buds reddish-orange and lopsided (Fig. 5 and 6)
 
 
 
•Flowers and then fruit hang from long, narrow, strap-like bracts on underside of leaves (Fig. 7,  8, and 9)
 
 
 
•Trunk / bark- young: smooth (Fig. 10); old: furrows and ridges which run longitudinally for long stretches, nearly parallel yet gently curving with some interlacing (Fig. 11)
 
 
 
•Canopy is sometimes umbrella–like when looking up at single branches or the canopy as a whole (Fig. 12)
 
 
 
•Also called Linden, especially in Europe, most especially in Germany
 
 
 
Historical uses: cheap furniture, turned articles, paper pulp, mats, wickerwork; Native Americans used bark of young trees to make rope, honey highly prized.
 
 
 
 

This information is basic (not overly technical) by design and does not include total botanical information about each species (kind of tree). Rather, only distinctive features of each numbered tree in the Alabaster Bike Path-Native Tree Arboretum (ABP-NTA) are listed. Because all natural populations have variation, when considering these trees, look at as many examples of each characteristic as possible, i.e. several leaves or fruits or branching points, etc. Finally, when studying trees, the identifying “keys” are always written for a given geographic area to include ONLY ALL the trees in that area. Because our “area” is (the numbered trees in) the ABP-NTA, this information applies only to the numbered trees along the ABP-NTA; it may or may not work in neighboring areas with even a slightly different species composition. All photos and text by sczaika. Historical uses from Hough, R.B. The wood Book. Royal Botanical Gardens and Barnes, B.V. & W.H. Wagner. 1981. Michigan Trees.
 
 
US-23 Heritage Route Plan Your Trip! AVisit Our Regions: renac Visit Our Regions: Iosco Visit Our Regions: Alcona Visit Our Regions: Alpena Visit Our Regions: Presque Isle Visit Our Regions: Cheboygan
Add This To Your Itinerary
 

Viewing this on a mobile device? Use the mobile edition of this website!

Copyright © 2015, Northeast Michigan Council of Governments | Contact the US 23 Heritage Route!

This website powered by Community Center software from LIAA